In Congress, CA has 53 times the power of 7 states who have one rep each, 27 times the power of 12 states, and 12 times the power of 21 states! CA has the power of 22 states combined! TX, of 16 states! FL and NY of 12 states! The Valentine Constitution partially remedies the imbalance of power between the states by mandating a minimum of 5 and a maximum of 25 representatives per state. Our founding fathers allocated 2 Senators per state regardless of population, and for their time that balanced it. But not for ours. NONE of our founding fathers would be OK with 27:1 or even 18:1 ratios, let alone 53:1 and 36:1 disparities! Our founding fathers would never have allowed the current disproportion of power between states.
The binding agreement that united our states depended on the states being equal in power and authority, and was agreed to by all involved in a rare display of solidarity. The only disagreement in 1787 was on extending equality to future states. 9 out of 11 members of The Constitutional Convention voted to give future states LESS power than existing states. That’s why the equality clause failed. Nobody ever imagined they have more! The current imbalance however is not a measure of their shortsightedness, but of our reluctance to use the tool provided by our old Constitution provided for precisely these situations: amendment. The Valentine Constitution answers their call.
Populous states will still have a preponderance of power in Congress, and also in electing Presidents, Supreme Court Justices, and national referendums and amendments, and even the constitution before us: CA, TX, NY and FL will have 25, IN and PA 18, IL 16 etc versus only 5 each in 23 states!