Article I – Rules of Representation






Section. 1. Eliminates PACS and big money donors:


The Valentine Constitution eliminates campaign contributions and PACS so our politicians do not owe political favors to big money donors, and instead owe US Citizens who will finance all elections through a neutral body in the Judicial branch. Billionaires will no longer be able to “invest” in campaigns to receive favors and favorable legislation from our politicians in return for their campaign contributions. These billionaires contribute to both the Democratic and Republican candidates in each race so that they are guaranteed to have influence regardless of who wins, an old Wall Street practice called “hedging your bet.” Goldman Sachs was the biggest contributor to both George W. Bush and Barack Obama! The cost of a Presidential run is now $1 billion, less for Senators and Governors, less again for Congressman and a pittance for State legislators.

The Valentine Constitution would instead have our government pay for all campaigns so that our politicians will be beholden to us Citizens instead of a few billionaires, by establishing a politically neutral body within the Judiciary to provide debates and other forums for all candidates equally so that new candidates and ideas may be exposed and real issues dealt with.

The Valentine Constitution takes the money out of politics by prohibiting campaign contributions, lobbying and the revolving door so that no favors will be owed to the big-has-failed billionaires or the special interest lobbies who currently fund campaigns and receive favors in return; who have corrupted our government, and who have gained control of our government and our economy.


Section. 2. Prohibits public officials from using government resources for campaigning:

Elected officers will no longer be allowed to charge our government for the costs of their campaigning. They will be prohibited from taking a campaign trip and pretending that it is in the furtherance of their duties as an elected officer. Far too many public resources are now used to keep politicians in power. This will end.


being privately enriched as a result of official actions, or voting in matters presenting a conflict of interest:

The “revolving door” describes upper level employees going back and forth from government jobs to corporate jobs. The Valentine Constitution prohibits government officials from working for the corporations they regulate, and from regulating the corporations they work for. Presidents today routinely appoint corporate officers as government department heads as pay back for a campaign contribution or PAC set up by a corporate CEO, or board members, or other special interest. As part of the governmental department, the company man influences legislation favorable to his company. When he is finished, he resigns as department head and returns to a job with the corporation. Many Senators, Representatives and State Legislators and Governors also retire to cushy pretend jobs at corporations run by the campaign financing billionaires they were faithful to when in office. That will no longer be allowed.


Section. 3. Prohibits lobbying and the corresponding corruption:

The Valentine Constitution makes sure our politicians and our government workers represent the people and the public interest, and not billionaires or private interests. The Valentine Constitution prohibits the lobbying that has allowed multinational monopolies and special interests to co-opt our country and corrupt our elected representation. Billionaires now control our elected officials who pass legislation allowing these Wall Street elites to control our economy resulting in monopolies, bailouts, job loss, recessions, the printing of money and a $30 trillion debt, just so these billionaires can have G7 jets and 400 foot super yachts. Actually, it is the small business millionaires, and the honest Wall Street millionaires, who have paid the lion’s share of the bailout. Small businesses supply 85% of America’s jobs. The bailout money went to banks to keep our small business lines of credit open so jobs and orders would not be lost. But the Wall Street banks did not loan the money out (to their competition) and instead used the money to buy back their own stock and falsely inflate the DOW and the perceived stability of the US economy. Wall Street is not the star of the US economy, small business is. Big business outsources jobs while small businesses provide 85% of American jobs. Apple’s makes $460k in profits per employee per year, followed by 21st Century Fox at $277k, Google at $270k, Facebook at $236k, Viacom at $230k, Microsoft at $221k. These Wall Street Elites outsourced our jobs, destroyed our environment, wrecked our economy, and put us $30 trillion in debt. The Valentine Constitution stops all of this insanity and restores common sense and reason to our society, and fiscal and political responsibility to our government, and value to our economy.




Section. 1. Gives the vote to Citizens over eighteen who speak and write fluent English:

The Valentine Constitution, which makes English fluency a condition of citizenship, also makes it a requirement for voting. Those who don’t bother to learn English don’t care about becoming Americans or adopting our culture. English is essential to assimilation, and a predominant aspect of our culture. If they wanted to assimilate they would learn English. Nor can they fully understand our politics or our culture without fluency. Those who fail to adopt our language are here because they ran from their homeland rather than stand and fight. Will they stand and fight for America? Their adopted homeland? Not if they didn’t fight for the country they were born in. Or they came here because the living is easier. We don’t want as Citizens, much less as voting Citizens, people who don’t want to be Americans, people who have proven they don’t want to be a part of our country or culture by not bothering to learn our language or assimilate.


prohibits those of unsound minds and criminals who have not yet fulfilled all the conditions of their sentences or parole or repayment of costs:

If you are insane, or are a drug addict, or have autism, for example, you are not of sound mind and will not be able to vote. If you are a criminal serving time or on parole or still repaying society for your crime, you will not be able to vote. In another section, criminals are responsible for all the costs associated with their crimes. These will have to have been paid before one can vote.


Section. 2. Makes voting mandatory:

Mandatory voting requires that Citizens get involved with their democracy if only in this minor way. It challenges the Citizen to deal with the guilt if they cast an apathetic vote and just punch randomly next to any name. That will not sit well and will grind on their conscience and the next time they vote, they will be more likely to be better informed, and with each election moreso. The alternative? Apathetic losers who live here but give nothing back. Too cool for school hot shots who thump their apathetic chests saying: “F that; why bother? It’s all BS,” when it’s only “all BS” because no one is involved. It’s time for us all to contribute the bare minimum to our democracy.


prohibits “blanket” voting:

“Blanket” voting is a ballot set up that allows a voter to select all of one party’s candidates at once. This defeats the purpose of mandatory voting and is therefore prohibited. The goal is to get Our Citizens involved with their democracy. Choosing a slate does not challenge a Citizen to become informed about the candidates. While any voter is welcomed to choose whom they wish and may well end up selecting all of one party’s candidates, The Valentine Constitution will not allow it to be accomplished in one act, and instead will require the voter to consider each candidate with the forethought and respect our democracy deserves.


allows “write in” voting:

Candidates excluded from the ballot may be written in by voters by literally writing the name of the candidate in the space provided on the ballot. That way a candidate who may have missed a deadline or run afoul of a legal requirement in one or more jurisdictions, or a candidate who appears late in the race but later gains popular support, will not be kept from those wishing to vote for the candidate.


Section. 3. Establishes voting in order of preference, and provides for a run-off vote until one candidate achieves a majority of over fifty percent:

The Valentine Constitution ensures that the most popular candidate is elected and that the will of the majority is followed. Voters will list candidates in order of preference: first choice first, second choice second, etc., so that the most popular candidate gets elected. If your first choice doesn’t get elected, your vote goes to your second choice until one candidate has a majority of over 50%. It’s called preference voting and it prevents a candidate with less than a majority of the total vote from being elected. A run-off vote would be taken if necessary.

The vote of a voter who prefers a marginally popular candidate first, and a more popular candidate second, would today not count if the marginal candidate lost. With preference voting, their vote would go to their second choice, or their third, but it would count. In some cases our current election method results in the least popular of the two remaining candidates getting elected due to the presence of “spoiler” candidates who “siphon off” votes from the most popular candidate allowing the second most popular candidate to win. That’s not democracy. The Valentine Constitution rectifies this problem, and further ensures majority rule by mandating a run-off vote if necessary until the winning candidate gets over 50% of the vote.


Section. 4. Abolishes the Electoral College, and instead decides elections by popular vote; except when electing Supreme Court Justices and electing the Presidential and Vice Presidential team, wherein each state gets one vote per Representative plus one vote per Senator. The votes are awarded to reflect the popular vote, and are divisible if necessary; and the nominee or candidate with a majority of these votes nationwide shall be confirmed or elected:

The Valentine Constitution takes the political power away from the few insider elites of the electoral college and gives it back to the voters. Are we not capable of voting directly for the candidate we want? Do we need a representative to cast a vote for us?! To represent us at the ballot box? Do we need someone else to tell us who we voted for? Having someone represent us at the ballot box is ripe with corrupting possibilities, a real temptation for wrongdoing and power mongering, and why 90% of voters want to abolish the electoral college.

The Valentine Constitution allots one vote for each of a State’s Representatives plus one vote for each of the State’s Senators (two per state). These are votes and not electors or delegates. Once cast they will go towards the person they were cast for. The votes are awarded in the same percentages as the statewide popular vote, and votes may be split if necessary to accurately reflect the correct percentages, then all votes are totaled nationwide for each candidate, then the preferences are applied until the two with the most votes wins. The outside possibility of a tie would trigger a runoff vote.

This method of national voting is both popular in that it accurately reflects the popular vote to a great degree and Federal in that it does give a little more power to the smaller States by allotting each State one vote per Representative, since under another provision the Representatives of the small States represent fewer per capita than the larger states, although the large States have much more power given their enormous populations. The Valentine Constitution strikes a fair balance in keeping with the intentions of the founders and our current Constitution.




Section. 1. Establishes a neutral body in the Judiciary to hold fair, honest, unbiased debates and elections with Citizen and Judiciary oversight:


The Valentine Constitution establishes a neutral body within the Judicial branch to handle elections. The parties will no longer rig elections and sideline candidates and mess up the tallies and conspire with the press corps and make confusing rules and undermine the security and integrity of our election process.


and online voting in each Citizen’s account:

The Valentine Constitution provides for online voting in each Citizen’s account to guard against fraud, increase voter turnout due to convenience, and accurately reflect voter sentiment. The antiquated manner in which we now hold our elections offers little security and poor voter turnout. Holding elections online will verify the Citizen and ensure each votes only once. It will eliminate voter turnout wars so that the most popular candidate wins, and not the candidate with the most people willing to drive folks to the polls. Citizen and Judiciary oversight is intended to ensure there is no hacking fraud. A simple method of verification would have each Citizen at the time of voting use two different programs tabulated by two different companies, and then compare the results. Whatever the process, it must pass Citizen approval.


provides for uniform rules in all jurisdictions:

The Valentine Constitution requires that all election rules, and in later provisions, all laws within reason, be uniform so that Citizens have a clear understanding of the rules no matter where they happen to move to, and so that fair standards will apply to the election process, a process which will take place online in each Citizen’s account. Citizens have far better things to do than keep up with fifty different arbitrary sets of rules for voting or candidacy. The Valentine Constitution establishes the rule of uniformity as a standard in many of its provisions to enable Citizens to more easily understand their own government, to feel more invited, and be more likely to participate in solving problems without getting caught up in distancing procedures.


provides for equal time and equal exposure for each qualifying candidate or referendum:

The neutral election body will provide forums and debates giving equal exposure to all candidates so that fresh blood, new ideas and different takes on issues can be revealed to the electorate, rather than allowing exposure only to those who the party elite and press corps deem worthy, or those rich enough to afford millions in advertising, or those who already have notoriety. Common people are in touch with common people problems. How can someone who hasn’t driven themselves in twenty years, someone who hadn’t had to even think about what a meal costs or how much a bill is, someone out of touch with the common problems of the common people, have any understanding of the real issues confronting the average American, or have any incentive to come up with any solutions? Answer: They can’t. So why elect them to office?


prohibits party control over the election process:

The Valentine Constitution replaces the election powers routinely abused by party elite with a politically neutral body tasked with presenting candidates and running fair elections. The party elites, and not the average party member or even most avid party workers, but rather the national and state chairs and committees of both parties, now determine who gets on the ballots for the primaries and often prevent candidates from running. Most of these party elites are biased since they are backing one of the candidates and routinely block competition. The Valentine Constitution prohibits the party elite from continuing to run our elections, and turns it over to the neutral body within the Judiciary.

Our pool of candidates will no longer be limited to professional politicians and billionaires, the elites who currently run our country just as the aristocrats of England ran our country before we declared independence from them. The current situation runs counter to what our founders envisioned: an average Citizen called to the civic duty of elected office by an issue or set of issues which has sparked them into action. Today this is an impossibility.


prohibits primaries:

The Valentine Constitution prohibits a handful of states from co-opting the candidate selection process. There is no provision for primaries in The Madison Constitution. The primary legislation is the creation and workhorse of the two major political parties who have ground our government to a halt. Primaries serve to exclude independent candidates and the candidates of other parties from being seriously considered by the electorate. Primaries dictate to the majority of the States who they get to vote for. The Valentine Constitution provides instead for all States to vote online at the same time at the end of the summer from a pool of candidates regardless of party so that every State has the same power in the process of selecting our Presidents and Vice Presidents or Supreme Court Justices.


prohibits caucuses:

The Valentine Constitution also eliminates caucuses from elections since they discriminate against those who cannot show up at a specific time and place and so are excluded from our election process.


prohibits campaigns from sharing resources:

The Valentine Constitution prohibits the campaigns of different candidates (or campaigns for different referendums) from sharing resources. This prevents parties and powerful groups from creating an advantage over individual candidates and instead keeps the playing field level for each candidate. This check and balance to prevent collusion further ensures that those attracted to and campaigning or volunteering for one candidate are not coerced into campaigning for another second candidate whom they may not even support, but who has made a deal with the politician they do support to share campaign volunteers or staff. Individuals who are not part of any campaign would be free to support as many candidates as they pleased. In another provision campaign spending is limited so that the playing field is level for all candidates as no unfair advantages accrue to rich candidates.


replaces gerrymandering with a nonpoliticized solution:

The Valentine Constitution ends the corrupt practice of rigging election districts to encourage the two party stalemate. It’s called gerrymandering and it’s one of the causes of the legislative stalemates which have plagued our legislatures over the past three decades. The party elite will no longer be allowed to manipulate district borders in deals which divvy up our electorate to ensure wins for each of only two parties, perpetuating do-nothing, stalemated congresses and prohibiting fresh candidates and ideas. Gerrymandering is a political tactic not envisioned by our founders resulting in a discrepancy between the percentage of popular support for various political parties and their platforms and the actual level of the parties’ representation.


allows the citizens living in rural, suburban and urban areas to be exclusively represented by their Representatives and Our Councilors:

The Valentine Constitution allows for a more accurate representation of voter constituencies. City folks have little contact with the nature that sustains their existence, or knowledge of the issues affecting nature’s capacity to continue to do so. They live in the city and suburbs where the food simply shows up on shelves. Country and suburban folks know little of subways and bus systems and other issues affecting city people. Country and city folks know little of suburban issues. Our Citizens better understand the issues they live with than the issues they only sometimes have to deal with, or only read about. Therefore Our Citizens should be represented by Representatives and Councilors who live in their world, know their issues and who exclusively represent their world. That is why our founders created the bicameral legislature and directed its lower house to represent localities. Our Representatives and Councilors are intended to take more local views. Our Senators are intended to take a national view, and Our Legislators, a statewide view. That way we get logical representation.

Our current district apportionment requires Citizens with disparate and competing interests to share the same representation. “Taxation without representation!” was the cry in the 1700s. Nearly all of our districts are gerrymandered. The Valentine Constitution prohibits the practice.


and then by socioeconomic status:

Especially within urban and suburban districts gerrymandering could still go on unless socioeconomic status is considered. Again Citizens with similar circumstances should have similar representation.


Section. 2. Establishes summertime for candidate and referendum exposure to determine who gets on the ballots by Labor Day for elections held on November 3rd as usual; does not allow campaigning prior to Memorial Day:

The Valentine Constitution establishes an “election season” beginning on Memorial Day with the announcement of the candidates and referendums to be considered over the summer for placement on the ballot for the general election which will begin on Labor Day. The current two year-long election cycle takes far too much time away from candidates who need to spend more time preparing for the job of elected office, or if in office, doing their job rather than campaigning away two years of it. This is precisely why The Valentine Constitution provides for four year and not two year terms. Nor will candidates have to spend time fundraising since that will no longer be necessary. The corrupting practice of fundraising, especially when candidates who are in office are so capable of paying back political favors then and there on current legislation, will be removed from campaigning, and all of our politicians will be beholden to us since we will be financing their campaigns instead of the special interests or billionaires who currently do.

The three months of summer is plenty of time for voters to be exposed to new candidates and ideas, and reduce the selection down to the most acceptable candidates who will then be put on the ballot. The two months of autumn is plenty of time to choose between those on the ballot.


Section. 3. Allows any candidate or referendum supported by one tenth of one percent (0.01%) or more of voters by Memorial Day to compete over the summer campaign season; and allows any candidate or referendum supported by 5% or more of the voters by Labor Day to get on the general election ballot:

The Valentine Constitution allows any candidate or referendum with a respectable number of voters by Memorial Day to be more widely considered during a summer candidate selection season, and those with possibilities in the general election to campaign during the autumn general election season. To prevent a handful of billionaires and a handful of party elites and super delegates and electoral college members from continuing to determine who we get to vote for, a neutral body within the Judiciary will instead control elections and allow more new candidates, hopefully with fresh ideas, to be heard and seen. Since terms of office will be limited to twelve years, we will need an efficient, voter friendly system to allow us to consider more new candidates more frequently. The system allows us to drop the least popular candidates at the end of summer and to have only real contenders to compete in the autumn for the general election. The provisions for preference and run off voting will ensure that the candidates most desired by the electorate will be elected, and spoiler candidates will not allow the second most desired candidate to get elected.

A small group of billionaires own the parent corporations which own our press corps. The press currently decides which candidates to cover and only those they cover get name recognition and start to appear in the polls. And only those who appear in the polls are included in the debates according to rules created and enforced by the parties. So the parties and the press work together to keep out the competition. Debbie Wasserman Schultz is a Hillary supporter and the chair of the Democratic National Committee, and my congresswoman. She never replied to my or my staff’s calls to her or her office about getting on the ballot. The Florida Democratic Committee met in a closed session to choose which candidates got on the ballot, and of course excluded me since they are all Hillary supporters and I could have beaten her. Bernie Sanders was allowed to stay in due to his early and undeniable grass roots support.

So the candidates who get coverage from the press get exposure, become known, show in the polls and are included in the debates according to rules created and enforced by the parties. So who tells the press which candidates to cover? The billionaires who own the corporations that own CBS, NBC, ABC, and who are funding the campaigns of a certain candidate who owes them favors and cannot repay those favors if she doesn’t win. The debates further add to the name recognition and polling of those included in the debates while the polling of those excluded falls. Ask Carly Fiorina. The boys club doesn’t like her. Candidates who receive no press coverage have no chance at exposure, unless they are famous or a known politician.

It is impossible for an outsider with no wealth and no fame to get any press, even if he’s the first person in over two hundred years to write a new Constitution for the US because the press are not allowed to cover him unless the owners of the network tell them to. As I shivered outside the Iowa debate which the party had excluded me from, the USA Today reporter who had the decency to speak to me said, “The press doesn’t break news anymore; we follow trends.” But that was just a lie he tells himself. TRANSLATION: “I cannot cover you because my boss’s boss’s boss is funding Hillary and he doesn’t want any competition for her so she will win and be able to repay the favors she owes him for financing her campaign.” And as I shivered outside the adjacent “spin room” the press had excluded me from, an ABC reporter said she’d love to interview me but could do nothing without orders from above. How far above? Who makes that call? Answer: The guys I lampoon in my “time for America” music video, the CEOs of General Electric, Disney, Time Warner, News Corp, Viacom and CBS, and Wall Street elites like the CEOs I lampoon in my “middle class” music video, the ones who give the orders from above, the ones who destroyed our economy by using banks and insurance companies to transform Wall Street into a short term, highly leveraged gambling casino from a once trustworthy, long term, fundamentals based provider of capital for businesses, jobs for American workers and dividends for America’s small savers.

So it’s the press and the parties, both controlled by the same elite billionaires, who determine who gets on the ballots for primaries and elections. This sidelines potentially great new candidates and discourages others from running. Why should they? It’s rigged. And they don’t want to anger these billionaires who play for keeps if they have a spouse and kids to think of. I’m single, and they can kill me, but they can’t kill an idea, or the huge swath of solutions and policies embodied in my great big brand new US Constitution built upon the foundations of the first beautiful one. Fire away.

In a later provision The Valentine Constitution eliminates caucuses from elections since they discriminate against those who cannot show up at a specific time and place and so are excluded from our election process.


Section. 4. Prohibits election polling and handicapping within thirty days of any election or primary:

No voter should be dissuaded, by polls or handicapping, from voting for their desired candidate simply because the candidate is deemed to have no chance of winning by pundits and press owned by powerful interests with undue influence over the process. The Valentine Constitution prohibits these practices for only the last month of an election, but a case could be made to limit the practices beforehand. Citizens are voting for representation, not betting on a horse race. Voting is a serious business. The Valentine Constitution will encourage voters to vote for the candidate or referendum measure they deem best without undue influence by odds makers and a corrupt press corp. The opportunity for the dark horse to succeed will no longer be taken away from the voter by biased pundits or mercenary statisticians who have grown increasingly unreliable in their predictive analysis. The more money we allow into politics, the more unreliable our polls have become. A direct correlation exists.


prohibits winner projections and the announcement of vote tabulations until all votes are counted:

The Valentine Constitution prevents projections and tabulations from watering down the votes of hard working American voters. A vote cast late will count as much as a vote cast early. Voters will no longer be discouraged from voting by being told by a corrupt press corps who has won the election before the votes have even been counted. Most races are close enough that late votes could change the outcome, but now are prevented from doing so by our ratings-driven, be-the-first-to-call-it press corps. Giving the press this power is absurd, ripe for corruption, and an insult to voters who must go to work and cannot cast their votes until late in the process.




Section. 1. Limits terms of office to twelve years for elected officials or appointees:

The Valentine Constitution allows for fresh ideas and new perspectives provided by officials chosen from people who live among, and not above, the rest of us. Seniority and complacency are removed, along with do-nothing, stalemated Congresses. With a 94% re-election rate in the House and 83% in the Senate, our unbeatable career politicians become smug, complacent and intransigent giving us stalemate after stalemate and do nothing legislatures distanced from the realities of the Citizens, insulated in a political world of gamesmanship and re-election, and incapable of compromise or legislating, all to the detriment of the republic. New candidates and their fresh ideas are locked out of our own political process, and the Citizens never even know they exist since the parties control who gets on the primary ballots and wish to protect the power of incumbency and seniority for their side. Career politicians are more concerned with their re-election problems than our everyday problems. Career politicians don’t have real jobs, are out of touch with our daily realities, are in the pockets of big business and their special interests, and are more likely to vote for them rather than us since we are 90% likely to re-elect them, they have no incentive to do anything other than fundraising. Because they are so far removed from the private sector which they are elected to represent, they have no practical experience of living in the real world and so are incapable of creating legislation to deal with real world problems. They acquire an undemocratic, disproportionate amount of power on committees and through seniority.


allows a two-thirds majority consent of Voters to provide additional terms:

If an elected official is so excellent at governing that 2/3 of the voters want the official to continue, then let the will of the Citizens be followed.


Section. 2. Does not count portions of terms as full terms:

The portion of a term served in an office held because an official took over when another officer became incapacitated or left office will not count as a term.


Section. 3. Staggers terms of office:

This provision was instituted by our founders to remove the possibility that a single faction may seize control suddenly and to avoid the emotionally charged or mob mentality moment.




Section. 1. Allows the term of any elected officer to be either terminated, or extended once beyond twelve years, by a two thirds majority consent of Voters:

If an elected official, including a Supreme Court Justice since they will be elected, is so inept or incapable or unacceptable that 2/3 of the Citizens want to remove them, then let the will of the Citizens be followed. And if so excellent, then give them one more term.


the term or employment of government appointees, employees, vendors or contractors of any kind may be indefinitely either terminated or extended by a majority consent of Voters:

If a non-elected appointee, employee, vendor or contractor manages to either irritate or to please the Citizenry to the extent that a majority of the voters bother to put the matter on a ballot and succeed in getting a majority of the voters to agree, then let the majority rule. And if they’re great, keep them on however long they do a great job. When not a term or if in doubt, the legislature, or the Voters by or within a referendum, may decide how much longer.


allows a majority of voters to remove or extend other Justices, and government appointees, employees, vendors or contractors of any kind:

If a lower court Justice, government appointee, employee, vendor or contractor manages to either irritate or to please the Citizenry to the extent that a majority of the voters bother to put the matter on a ballot and succeed in getting a majority of the voters to agree, then let the majority rule.


prohibits those so terminated from holding further office or further employment:

Any elected officials, or government appointees, employees, vendors or contractors whom the Citizens go to such lengths to remove should not be allowed to continue once removed, whether immediately or later.


Section. 2. Any elected official, government appointee, employee, vendor or contractor who cannot do their job for six months will be terminated:

Codifies the common sense ability to terminate the employment of those who can no longer earn their paycheck while respectfully giving them six months to remedy their situation.


withholds compensation unless injury on the job allows for compensation:

Only those who deserve severance compensation should receive it.


Section. 3. For premature vacancies in Our Supreme Court, the Voters shall elect a replacement within 30 days by a majority preference vote of Our Citizens:

The Valentine Constitution avoids the interruption of work by the politics currently surrounding the appointment of Supreme Court Justices. These important positions are often left vacant for months while important work needs to be done and four to four stalemates need to be broken by the ninth Justice. Why should the selection be limited to the President’s nominees? Why should the often partisan Senate be allowed to dictate to the people who sits on the court, or be allowed to leave a seat vacant until political motives are served? Answer: They shouldn’t. Under The Valentine Constitution Supreme Court Justices will be elected by the Voters, and not limited to nominees who are simply politically relevant to the next election cycle and the political manipulations of Presidents and Senators.


in the case of vacancies in the heads of Our Federal or State agencies, public ministers and consuls, Our President or respective State Governor may propose three nominees, one at a time, the first within 30 days and if rejected the next two within one week each to be approved within two weeks by a majority of Our Senators or Legislators (upper house), but after the third rejection, the voters will decide by a majority preference vote which of the three nominee gets in:

The Madison Constitution puts no limits on the time it takes for the Legislators to approve Executive appointments. This has led to long term vacancies and delayed work due to vacated offices and by Legislatures often sidelined by the political implications of certain important vacancies. This is not what Madison intended, so the problem is rectified by The Valentine Constitution which puts time limits on the approval of each appointee, and, whenever three appointees for the same job are rejected by the Legislators, calls for Our Citizens to elect the appointee from the rejected nominees.

The Valentine Constitution avoids the interruption of work created by the politics surrounding the slew of posts vacant for long periods of time throughout our government. The Valentine Constitution reaffirms the authority granted to Presidents and Governors to appoint the officers of various departments and agencies with the approval of the upper house of Our Legislature, but shortens the time for both nomination and confirmation to ensure that the government is staffed to do its important work. The respective Chief Executive (President or Governor) has 30 days after a vacancy is created to present the first nominee to the upper house who will have two weeks to approve or disapprove of the nominee. If disapproved, the Executive will have only one week to make the next nomination, since it will probably be made from a list which should already have been compiled during the first 30 day consideration period. The upper house will have two more weeks, and if rejected, the Executive will have one week to make the third and final nomination.

If the Senators, or Legislators, reject all three of the President’s, or Governor’s, appointees, then the respective Citizens will settle the matter by voting in order of preference from the 3 nominees. The effect will be pressure on the Senators and Legislators respectively to confirm one of the President’s or Governor’s nominees or else be forced to have the Citizens confirm one from their rejects.


any nominations not made within the times allotted by the respective Chief Executive shall be made within one week by majority vote of the lower house of the respective Legislature:

When the President or a Governor fails to make a nomination in the time allotted, The Representatives, or Councilors, will step in and, within one week by majority vote, nominate one of their own choosing who shall then go to the upper house for confirmation within two weeks. If rejected, the President or a Governor has one week to make the next nomination ,or the task falls again to the lower house. After three are rejected by the upper house, the Citizens will vote from among the three rejected.

This fail safe ensures that someone gets nominated and the post gets filled in a timely fashion. The unlikely worst case scenario leaves a given post vacant for 4 months and one week, that’s 30 + 7 + 14 + 7 + 7 + 14 + 7 + 7 + 14 + 30 – IF my math is correct. This avoids vacancies of a longer duration which are now commonplace.


Section. 4. When vacancies occur in any elected office Citizens shall vote for a new officer within sixty days:

A new election shall take place within 30 days whenever any elected office is vacated. This gives enough time for a replacement to be found without losing too much work time. Votes will be made by the acting elected official.


fills vacancies with acting officers for sixty days while Citizens vote for a replacement:

The length of time that replacement officials may temporarily act on behalf of a vacated official will be limited to sixty days since they were not elected to that office. And new elections will take place in a timely fashion.


if there is less than six months left in the term, the acting officer will serve out the term:

There would be too much disruption of the job being filled to warrant a whole new election to replace someone for under six months. Furthermore, it is not fair to penalize the acting official for circumstances beyond their control and for faithfully fulfilling their public service duty.


Section. 5. Follows the Federal order of succession in this order: The Vice President, the President Pro Tempore of the Senators, the Speaker of the Representatives, the Secretaries of the following departments: Foreign Affairs, Financial Affairs, Social Security, Health, Labor, Armed Forces:

This Federal order of succession was modeled after The Madison Constitution making minor changes to reflect its modernization by The Valentine Constitution.


Section. 6. Follows the State order of succession in this order: the State’s Lieutenant Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Legislators, the Speaker of the Councilors, and the Secretaries of the State’s following departments: Energy, Agriculture, Education, Infrastructure, then the State Guard:

This State order of succession was modeled after most State Constitutions making minor changes to reflect the new division of powers between the Federal and State governments established by The Valentine Constitution.




Section. 1. Requires candidates for elected office, Justices and appointees be no less than twenty-five years of age:

The mind is fully formed by twenty-five and enough experience can be had by that age. The Voters will be capable of discerning who is qualified and vote accordingly. Presidents, Vice Presidents, Governors, Lieutenant Governors, Senators, Legislators and Supreme Court Justices all must be thirty-five.


be raised for sixteen of their first eighteen years in Our United States:

The Valentine Constitution reserves elected office for Citizens born and raised in America in order to protect against potential disloyalty. Home is where the heart is. It never goes away. Where you were born and raised is where your loyalties lie. There is no reason to take a chance when there are so many qualified American-born Citizens to fill our elected offices and justiceships. Furthermore, our candidates should be steeped in our government, culture, values and traditions. We have plenty enough Citizens with America in their blood to need to make exceptions for those who do not.


be ten years a resident of the jurisdiction where they be chosen:

If a candidate is elected to represent a constituency, then the candidate should know the place and the people better than nearly anyone since the candidate will be passing laws which may greatly affect the place and the people. It takes at least ten years to fully know a place and its people.


Section. 2. Requires all to take the following oath: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the duties of my position and will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend The Constitution of The United States”:

Uses the oath from The Madison Constitution.


Section. 3. Withdraws special immunity privileges from elected officials, foreign dignitaries, or from anyone; and declares that no person shall be above the law:

The Valentine Constitution dissolves diplomatic and other immunities for elected and appointed officials, and dignitaries, etc. No person is above the law. If any one person must abide by the law, then all must. America was founded on a belief that we all have an equal station in life and do not tolerate aristocracies or ruling classes. Neither the Wall Street elite, the party elite, the press, electoral college members, off duty officers, CIA employees, NSA, TSA, Armed Forces and especially those in powerful positions, should be able to use the power of their position to circumvent any law or rule of society or for special privileges unrelated to their work for our nation. To do so denies the very principles our nation was founded upon.


and that laws governing government workers or Citizen must also cover elected officials and department heads:

Our elected and appointed officials will, therefore, be subject to the same laws as the people the subject to the laws they pass, and no exemption shall exist. History is replete with exemptions of Congress from the application of the law in a variety of areas: civil and criminal immunities, discrimination and victimization by an elected official, family and medical leave, health insurance, Social Security, drunk driving, parking fines and the like.


Democracy begins with elections. Removing special interest big money from campaigns, prohibiting lobbying and gerrymandering, limiting terms of office, filling vacancies in a timely fashion, granting ballot access to normal people, abolishing the electoral college, taking the parties out of the election process and other provisions The Valentine Constitution, will end the divisive left-right stranglehold on our democracy and will end the stalemates and do nothing Congresses and position us to solve our problems in a mature manner.

The Valentine Constitution




























With a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence,

we mutually pledge our Lives, our Fortunes,

and our sacred Honor to each other

and to the passage of this Constitution

for Our United States of America.


james valentine