Article V – Our Judiciary

ARTICLE. V.

Our JUDICIAL Branch

 

The Valentine Constitution makes our courts fast, educating, user friendly, and free for any reasonable person. It overhauls our Judiciary and its role in both our civil and criminal justice system. No fees are charged to the parties to any suit unless convicted or guilty of a crime or negligence, or advancing to the upper courts. Although all involved are allowed to hire outside counsel, most will find it unnecessary since they will be able to get the correct answer to their problem from the judges in our Review Court in an efficient and timely manner.

People are too busy to go to a courthouse, or lawyer up, or wallow through a maze of laws themselves, or have some money grubbing attorney make a mess of explaining to them a vast and confusing set of complicated Federal, State, County and City laws, case law, regulations and codes. Our current court system makes the Citizen less efficient, decreases our GDP, alienates the Citizens it should be serving, and breeds ignorance of and contempt for the laws we agree to live by in community with one another. The courts of The Valentine Constitution aid, educate and instruct the Citizens adding a sense of belonging and the reciprocal respect necessary for any community to prosper.

Getting a quick reading from a few Justices is precisely what Citizens need in most cases, so that they can receive the information, make a decision, and get on with their lives; and be more likely to come back in the future as questions arise in their lives or businesses. Citizens don’t need the games and the ceremony and the paperwork and the costs in time and money that our current court system requires; just let them know their position in the eyes of the law. Result? The law is then exposed, and once exposed is understood, and once understood, engenders a democratic Citizenry. In other provisions Our Citizens will be able to rate things, including laws and their experiences with the Judiciary, and to challenge contradictory, unfair, and downright wrong laws of any kind regarding any branch of government. Here they are even able to take the government to court.

When a Citizen is wronged, the guilty party should not be allowed to prey upon more victims. Yet every day good people are cheated in transactions, from a home improvement repair, to a product that fails to live up to expectations, to being overbilled by a phone company, to receiving horrible treatment from their own government. When the bad actions and bad apples go unabated it hurts our society in many ways. If we allow these rogues to proceed with impunity, we establish a culture of dog eat dog, and all because it’s such a hassle and so expensive to go to court and keep somebody honest, especially when the amount of money involved, though significant, is not enough to compete with the cost of hiring a lawyer. who will end up with most of it anyway.. The Third World operates this way as a matter of course, and many of our new immigrants are accustomed to such a culture and have contributed to it as a matter of course. But this is not the American way, and must be stopped before it goes any further. The Valentine Constitution establishes a new, Citizen friendly court service which exposes and inhibits unfair practices, fraud and crime.

 

PART. I. The JUDICIAL BUDGET and COMPENSATION

 

Section. 1. Our Judicial Branch of government shall operate online whenever possible:

The Valentine Constitution frees the Judiciary from the inefficient, impractical, inconvenient physical bonds of the courtroom. Our Citizens have no time to go to some stuffy courtroom with nowhere to park to be lorded over by some self-important judge in a black robe. They want to know where they stand in the eyes of the law, and they don’t want to have to beg. Handling cases online will undoubtedly become the primary method of operation especially in the Review Court.

 

Section. 2. Our Judiciary shall arrange for the financial compensation of its Justices and employees to be paid out of the budget for the Judiciary:

The Valentine Constitution allows the Judiciary to compensate its justices and employees.

 

PART. II. Our JUSTICES

 

Section. 1. Our Justices must pass an objective test, or by default be approved by a majority consent of Our Citizens:

The Valentine Constitution rewards merit and allows any qualified Citizen to take the bench. A law degree or prior legal jobs or court positions are not necessary for a Justice to sit the bench. Former prosecuting attorneys are biased towards finding guilty those accused of breaking the law. Does just having a law degree and some experience make one a good Justice? Our Justices will not be biased. Nor will they be hired simply because they know the statutes and case law, for those can always be considered by an unbiased person with the appropriate capacity for comprehension. Since right and wrong, fairness and common sense and justice are the overriding principles of The Valentine Constitution and its Courts, and therefore more important than the case law and precedent, some of which will be overturned for not being in line with the provisions set forth herein, then familiarity with the law is not as important as good judgment, a faculty our law schools have no monopoly on. In any event a Justice may present themselves to Our Citizens who may vote to approve a Justice.

 

Section. 2. Every Supreme Court Justice must be no less than thirty-five years of age be born to parents who are both US Citizens: be raised in Our United States for sixteen of their first 18 years; be twenty years a resident of the United States prior to their taking office; shall serve for no more than one twelve year term; and shall be elected in the manner provided herein:

35 years of age ensures enough maturity and enough experience, presidential candidates must be at least thirty-five years old. The Valentine Constitution reserves elected office for Citizens born and raised in America in order to protect against potential disloyalty. Home is where the heart is. It never goes away. Where you were born and raised is where your loyalties lie. There is no reason to take a chance when there are so many qualified American-born Citizens to fill our elected offices and justiceships. We have plenty enough Citizens with America in their blood to need to make exceptions for those who do not. Our candidates should be steeped in our government, culture, values and traditions, so they have knowledge commensurate with the position. We have plenty enough Citizens with America in their blood to need to make exceptions for those who do not. Two years time is allowed for those born to personnel in US missions like the Armed Forces to return home. If a candidate is elected to represent the nation, then the candidate should know the place and its people better than nearly anyone since the candidate will be passing laws which may greatly affect the place and the people. It takes 20 years to fully know a place and its people. Candidates will need to demonstrate a serious desire to live and work here in America.

 

serves for no more than one terms of twelve years each:

Twelve years is plenty of time for a judge to sit on any one bench. IF the judge is in concert with the people and excellent at their job, a 2/3rds vote may extend the term once for an additional 12 years.

 

and shall be elected in the manner provided herein:

Please see Article I, Part V. Section 3. The Valentine Constitution avoids the interruption of work by the politics currently surrounding the appointment of Supreme Court Justices. These important positions are often left vacant for months while important work needs to be done and four to four stalemates need to be broken by the ninth Justice. Why should the selection be limited to the President’s nominees? Why should the often partisan Senate be allowed to dictate to the people who sits on the court, or be allowed to leave a seat vacant until political motives are served? Answer: They shouldn’t. Under The Valentine Constitution Supreme Court Justices will be elected by the Voters, and not limited to nominees who are simply politically relevant to the next election cycle and the political manipulations of Presidents and Senators.

Justices will serve for twelve-year terms and not for life so that they do not become out of touch with the times. The average length of tenure for a Supreme Court Justice to date is sixteen years, but eighteen have served for more than twenty years, and seven, for thirty plus years.

 

PART. III. STANDING and JURISDICTION

 

Section. 1. In all cases in all courts, the parties to any case may be virtually anyone:

The Valentine Constitution removes the artificial, unnecessary, confusing, wasteful and time consuming obstacle of standing and jurisdiction, and instead gives all parties standing in all cases in all courts allowing Our Citizens simple and comfortable access to their own court system, and eliminating the confusion and inefficiency and costs of a system which currently alienates Our Citizens from their own courts. The qualified Justices who will be chosen will be able to factor in issues of jurisdiction and standing and do so only when substantive if at all, though the clear distinctions created by the division of powers should make those matters obvious or moot, especially given the capacity of the principles of right and wrong, fairness and common sense set forth herein to overrule such legal technicalities.

 

Section. 2. In all cases in all courts, the considerations of criminal, civil, financial, tort, equity, admiralty, trademark, patent, copyright, trade, tax, social security, immigration, Armed Forces, treason, impeachment, writs, injunctions, life, liberty, property, medical, animal rights, international and other law or plain matters of fairness shall all be considered together by each court:

The Valentine Constitution removes the artificial, unnecessary, confusing, wasteful and time consuming obstacle of having different types of courts hear different types of cases instead allowing Our Citizens simple and comfortable access to their own court system, and eliminating the confusion and inefficiency and costs of a system which currently alienates Our Citizens from their own courts. The qualified Justices will be chosen to consider the issues of each case without needing to be in different physical courthouses or under the guise of different sets of jurisprudence which still may be applied so long as subservient to justice and the predominant principles set forth herein to overrule games played to circumvent them. The basic principles of justice will not be different in different courts. Most of these cases will take place online to save Our Citizens the waste in time and money sadly associated with the embarrassingly inefficient court system we now have, these myriad different courts a case in point, as they require all manner of being here and being there to appear before some particular judge in a black robe. Enough with the hocus pocus; these self-important judges are wasting people’s lives and perhaps should think of getting a life themselves. The Valentine Constitution has no patience with waste, or with authority which distances Citizens from their own laws or legal system or courts. Who’s working for whom? Legal technicalities are subservient to the principles laid down in the foundations of this democracy and firmly established in the last clause of this provision and elsewhere herein.

The Valentine Constitution appoints justices rather than courts to more efficiently hear all legal matters together. Unlike our current system which has numerous kinds of courts for a vast variety of legal issues creating confusion and unfairness and undue costs, The Valentine Courts set aside our current expensive and time consuming pedantic, utopian legalities in favor of timely access to all evidence and testimony, and expert guidance and direct answers for Our Citizens.

 

any person may and every knowing person must contribute relevant information, and any unlawful activity revealed may be pursued by Our Justices:

The Valentine Constitution requires that Our Citizens must come forward. The truth must come out. Our society will not harbor falsehood. If you know something, you will be obligated to make it known so that justice can be served. Any unlawful activity revealed during any Court’s discovery of fact or evidence shall be open to judicial scrutiny and inquiry. We want to expose crime and get rid of the bad apples. The Valentine Courts are efficient. Justices privy to a case will be able to acquire a full picture of the community surrounding the allegation so as to root out the facts to allow the truth to be exposed and the problem to be fixed. Piecemeal solutions are of little help. Getting to the roots of the problem is the only way to create lasting solutions.

 

no person shall be required to hire counsel but all shall have the right to be represented by counsel:

The Valentine Constitution allows the option but removes the need for a Citizen to hire an attorney and instead effectively provides the Citizens with three attorneys in the form of Justices, all expert in the laws and principles which pertain to each case, who first, in Review Court, will provide three nonbinding objective opinions and three legal settlements, so that the parties to the case will know where they stand legally and have some settlements to work with in solving the matter between themselves. In the vast majority of cases, Our Review Court will allow Citizens to settle the matter easily and get on with their lives without any further interruptions.

If, on the other hand, there are issues which were not adequately addressed, the Judgment, Appeals and Supreme Court await and they too offer the option of hiring counsel.

 

all shall be deemed innocent until proven guilty; and no record shall exist for non-convictions:

The Valentine Constitution reaffirms the long held but seemingly forgotten principle of being “presumed innocent” until being proven guilty. “Deemed” is stronger than mere presumption since presumption is a supposition while deemed is a consideration, of the factual reality, and eliminates probability in favor of actuality. A law officer will no longer be able to presume that someone with an arrest on their record is more likely to be guilty than someone with no arrests on their record.

The erasing of an arrest record is called expungement and usually takes place after someone is found not guilty of a crime they were arrested for or charged with. Some States offer it; some do not; still others offer it on only the first false arrest. Expungement will be required for all non-convictions under The Valentine Constitution. Why should the government have any record of a false arrest? Any arrest not leading to a conviction is a false arrest, and in later provisions officers and prosecutors who make this mistake too frequently are disciplined. An arrest record is a blight on the reputation of a Citizen and should be removed if no conviction is found. Especially in arrest-happy cities like Miami Beach, Our Citizens should not be punished for errors and mistakes and excesses made by overly aggressive police officers often now rewarded rather than disciplined for such behavior!

 

fairness and common sense justice shall reign supreme, and right shall prevail over wrong:

The Valentine Constitution firmly establishes as the paramount considerations in all cases the principles of fairness and common sense justice, and requires that right shall prevail over wrong. Too often judges in the binds of a legal technicality are forced to find against right and for wrong, in opposition to the interests of fairness, and common sense justice is not served. This will no longer be the case.

 

Section. 3. The courts may hear cases on the ability of any elected officer to discharge the duties of their office:

The Valentine Constitution allows a case to be brought to determine the capacity of an elected officer to do their job. In other provisions our Citizens can remove elected officers and any government employee by popular vote. If the officer is found to be unable, the court may order their ouster and a popular election to fill the vacancy.

 

Section. 4. The Courts shall charge no fees to the parties in a case, except in extensive civil cases and except that all costs related to a crime will be paid by convicted criminals to victims and to government departments; and the results, proceeds and property associated with any crime or negligence may be used by Our Judiciary to pay unpaid costs:

The Valentine Constitution allows free access to Our Review Court in order to encourage Citizens to participate in their democracy and to become educated about their laws and to easily bring the bad apples to justice. Costs will be incurred by those found guilty or negligent, and will include all costs associated with their wrongdoing including those related to apprehension, processing, incarceration, adjudication and the like. Those who do wrong should not be bailed out by those who do good; taught yes, bailed out no; taught a lesson by incurring all of the costs related to their selfish behavior. Our Judgment and Appeals Courts may also charge fees to the guilty party in a civil matter if the case is extensive. In case property gets mixed up in the aftermath of a dispute, Our Judiciary shall be in possession, if only until matters are fairly sorted out, and may liquidate the assets to pay the costs.

 

PART. IV. Our COURTS

 

Section. 1. Our Review Court shall randomly select from qualified Justices three whose expertise best matches the issues of the case, who shall within one month issue a nonbinding opinion on the merits of the case, and enhance as much as possible the cases of both parties, and suggest and may approve settlements and pleas; and either party may appeal the matter to the Judgment Court for a binding decision:

The Valentine Constitution provides a Review Court to quickly, easily and inexpensively inform parties in any legal matter of their likely legal positions without the need of a lawyer. Each of Our Courts will randomly select three qualified Justices who review evidence, expertise, briefs and the sworn testimony of any person, all of whom shall have the right to be represented by counsel. Each Justice is required to try as much as possible to improve the cases of both parties, adding things they or their attorneys may have overlooked. Like three attorneys debating the case, the three Justices will each try to win it and for both sides, amongst themselves, with their “clients,” playing detective and fact finding. The Review Court is intended to provide a full blown exhaustion of the law. Each Review Justice will then issue a nonbinding opinion on the merits of the case within one month of submission at no charge to the parties whom each Justice will then further advise how to settle the matter. Any party may appeal the matter to the Judgment Court for a binding decision. All of our traditional due process rights apply as set forth below under Judiciary Proceedings.

Like triage on a battlefield, or a Berns-type muscular skeletal alignment to avoid surgery, Our Review Court allows for a quick, informative clarification of the law in any given situation, essentially giving Our Citizens three free expert opinions and settlement advice from which they may proceed in an informed manner. The Review Court will let everyone know where they stand in the eyes of the law, and the scenarios most likely to play out under different decisions. They will suggest settlements, even moderate a settlement, and may approve them. 90% of all Our Citizens’ problems and conflicts will probably get resolved by this helpful court.

The admissibility of evidence and the other more stringent limitations required in the upper courts will be far more loosely applied in the Review Court whose opinions have no authority and are strictly advisory, but whose job is to out the truth and get the whole truth and the whole story so often missed by courts too often handcuffed by evidence admissibility and other legal requirements. The somewhat lax qualifications of our Justices are intended to encourage the hiring of precisely these kinds of Justices. Charming, objective, fair, commonsensical, problem solving negotiator types are a breath of fresh air to Citizens hungry for an honest solution and willing to abide by what’s fair even if it stings. There are ways around the legal technicalities which so often obscure the truth. Stipulations proffered by the parties to a case, and witnesses willing to be forthright will be hallmarks of these workhorse courts tasked with revealing the facts and applying fairness and common sense justice so that right prevails over wrong. Review Justices will keep it real and find the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, and then help our Citizens to quickly settle conflicts so they can get on with their lives.

 

Section. 2. Our Judgment Court randomly selects three qualified Justices who will within one month consider the admissible evidence, and issue a single binding majority judgment and dissenting opinions on the merits of the case, and suggest and may approve settlements; and the parties may appeal the matter to the Appeals Court:

When those found guilty in the Review Court fail to honor the nonbinding opinions of the Review Court, then those who prevailed in the Review Court may take the guilty party to the Judgment Court to get a binding opinion or damages or convictions. Those who feel that their case was inadequately or hastily handled in the Review Court, or who wish to have a more traditional procedure, will proceed to Our Judgment Court to receive a binding, appealable decision. Our Judgment Court will operate more formally than Our Review Court. For example, admissibility of evidence becomes a factor which Our Review Courts need not heed since they are merely advisory. The Judgment Court Justices will not take sides but will consider all applications of the law and all arguments whether presented or not by either side, and educate all sides and our lawmakers. We don’t want cops in robes giving out tickets; we want our Justices to be masters, teaching and growing our concepts of jurisprudence and in turn legislation. Our Justices are the poor slobs who have to sort out the messes the legislatures make, so let’s get them involved. Teach, learn, grow, innovate, progress.

The three Justices issue within one month of submission a single binding judgment. Guilty or convicted parties may pay court costs, damages, attorney’s fees, fines, and the like. Parties will receive a consensus majority opinion as well as any dissenting opinions on the merits of their case, but they must abide by this decision or else appeal.

Neither the Review Court nor The Judgment Court will enlist a jury. If a Citizen requires a jury trial then they must proceed to the Appeals Court. Our Citizens will not be unduly inconvenienced by jury duty unless it is warranted by appeal. Up to this point then, the parties to any action will have received the opinions and attention of six Justices. Any party who thinks a jury will see it otherwise will be authorized to have a jury in the Appeals Court but no sooner.

 

Section. 3. Our Appeals Court offers a jury option and selects three qualified Justices who will within three months, unless two Appeals Justices agree to add or subtract time, consider the admissible evidence, and issue a single binding majority judgment and any dissenting opinions on the merits of the case; and the parties may submit the Appeals Judgment to the Supreme Court, but will be bound by the Appeals Judgment until and unless overturned, modified or remanded by the Supreme Court:

The Appeals Court will allow a jury trial if requested. Otherwise it will operate much the same way as Our Judgment Court. Our Appeals Court will provide a single binding majority judgment and any dissenting opinions within three months. Two Justices are required in order to add time to or subtract time from the case. If the case is rejected by Our Supreme Court, the single binding majority judgment shall be final and binding upon the parties.

 

Section. 4. Our Supreme Court shall consist of nine Justices who shall consider the admissible evidence and issue a binding final decision on the merits of the case; and the parties shall be bound by the Supreme Court decision:

The Valentine Constitution provides for a Supreme Court which shall function as our current Supreme Court but with twenty-year term limits for the Justices.

 

PART. V. The PROCEEDINGS of Our JUDICIARY

 

Section. 1. Upon the occurrence of a crime or incident or accident, all involved State Guards and officers of the law must immediately collect and upload all potential evidence including body camera or other video and audio, and the accounts and observations of witnesses, victims, citizens and suspected perpetrators; all such evidence shall be received in confidence by the Review Court whose assigned Justices shall confidentially review the evidence, then educate all involved as to their legal rights and positions; then may question all parties, accept stipulations, require further findings of fact, consult with other justices, provide their nonbinding opinions on the matter, discuss legal options, entertain remedies proffered by the parties, and suggest and approve settlements:

The Valentine Constitution offers the safeguarding of evidence and a streamlined review of criminal matters by the neutral and advisory-only Review Court which will confidentially review the evidence including body camera or other video and audio, and the accounts and observations of witnesses, victims, citizens and suspected perpetrators, and the conduct of all involved including Law Enforcement officers, Social Workers and Peacemakers. The Review Court will let all involved know where they stand in the eyes of the law, and the scenarios most likely to play out under different decisions. They will suggest settlements and pleas, and can approve them. Most criminal matters will be handled in Our Review Court. All of our traditional due process rights follow.

 

Section. 2. All of our traditional due process rights are included in The Valentine Constitution: protection from search and seizure without a warrant or probable cause; the right to be informed of the right to an attorney and against self-incrimination prior to interrogation by police; protection from excessive bail; to be personally served with or to waive service of any warrants or summons; to receive notice of inclusion in any legal action; to be presented with the lawful grounds and reasons for detention or legal action; to a speedy and public trial; to not be held to answer for a capital or heinous crime without the presentment or indictment by a grand jury; to an objective court; to an impartial jury; to be represented by counsel; to receive a record of the evidence presented; to review opposing evidence; to present evidence; to call witnesses and to compel their appearance; to cross-examine opposing witnesses; to not be compelled to testify against oneself; to receive a decision based solely on the factual evidence, the courts findings, and the reasons for its decision; to protection from excessive fines, and from cruel and unusual punishment though execution shall be acceptable when appropriate; to not be tried twice for the same offense; to not be found guilty of a crime that was not a crime when the act was committed, or of treason without a trial; and to be compensated for property confiscated under eminent domain:

The Valentine Constitution reaffirms all of our traditional due process rights granted to Our Citizens by The Madison Constitution and its various amendments to ensure that Our Citizens not be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law which is infringed when some legal practice or rule or finding offends a fundamental principle of justice or of the conscience. Most of this law has been set in stone over the years and it’s high time all the various parts of it were condensed into one succinct grouping.

The Valentine Constitution provides that many notices and evidence and proceedings can take the form of alerts or posts sent to the Citizen’s single account, where all information regarding any case will be a click away and well organized. Reception of notice or its waiver will have to be agreed upon by the Citizen, and reception of information will need to be acknowledged in order to confirm that the Citizen is aware of the notice. Our Courts will be available to further inform and educate the Citizen.

 

Section. 3. No Citizen may be detained for more than 10 minutes without being charged; a Citizen must be charged to be held; a Citizen charged but not convicted may be held for no more than 1 day for a soft crime, and no more than 30 days for a hard crime; a Citizen charged with a soft crime must receive a trial within 1 week, and for a hard crime within 30 days; no Citizen may be tried more than 3 times for the same crime or incident; any case shall be dismissed after a third mistrial

Our current constitution guarantees us the right to a speedy trial, but our police state didn’t get that message and so routinely violates this and similar of our foundational right. Once again The Valentine Constitution rectifies the problem by providing time limits on our criminal justice system. An efficient and non-oppressive application of the law keeps in check our policing and judicial apparatus while ensuring that they stay on their toes and don’t drag their heels in an area of vital importance to democracy. Over the years and little by little, we have seen our police gain far too much power over our Citizenry leading to police department corruption on a scale that would have been abhorrent to our founding fathers. If they lived today, Sam Adams and his boys would be out beating up cops as they did the British soldiers of their day. American men and women have gone soft and have failed routinely to stand up for their rights. They allow themselves to be over policed, repressed, even raped in exchange for being let off of a traffic violation or other charge! Good cops are too weak to turn in bad cops. Officers are on the take. And who are they, our officers of the law? 6 months of training and they’re given a gun, a badge and a squad car and turned loose on our streets. In Miami, high school gang members join police departments in mass, and quickly find themselves funded and equipped by the taxpayers they are preying upon. Without the appropriate constraints our officers are embolden and get the idea they can get away with anything, and routinely do. The Valentine Constitution reels them in and sets them straight by spelling out the intentions of our founding fathers, and gives good cops and Citizens the legislation they need to take a stand against bad cops.

A Citizen held in jail pending trial, when trials take months and even years, as do appeals under our current constitution, is a yet another violation of habeas corpus and other of our foundational rights. Somehow again inexplicably a right goes routinely ignored by the police state that is our country with more people incarcerated per capita than anywhere or anytime in the history of the world! The good ol’ US of A has 4% of the world’s population and 20% of its prisoners! We are the biggest police state in the recorded history. That’s a fact you need to deal with if you are a upstanding Citizen of our democracy. Don’t run and hide from truth or truth will kick you in the ass. The Valentine Constitution is a harbinger of truth, and of the justice which logically flows from a consideration of the truth. It will require the speedy trial and habeas corpus espoused by our current constitution and our Declaration yet neglected, until now.

A mistrial is an ugly thing that exposes poor prosecution habits. Today those habits go unchecked. Our current constitution fails to reign in sloppy prosecution or sloppy prosecutors. The Valentine constitution succeeds.

The Valentine court system will be busy. The law will be worked and worked and worked and worked hard. Citizens will be directly involved with their democracy, especially where the law most often meets their lives: in the courtroom and the jails. A working democracy is a healthy democracy. A speedy trial is a fresh trial with far more truth than long drawn out cases where witnesses are trying to remember what was said and who they saw years ago! That’s not justice, that’s a travesty of justice. Big and cumbersome ain’t getting it done moffuffies. Streamlined and exposed and efficient will keep things fair and properly policed by good cops, and by Citizens with knowledge of their rights and the law behind them so they can police their criminal justice system.

 

a lie provoked by our government workers either breaking the law themselves or pursuing a case without merit against the liar, shall not be actionable, nor shall resisting arrest when being falsely arrested:

The Valentine Constitution punishes not the liar but law enforcement which pursues fishing cases, and excuses a lie told by a Citizen under that meritless scrutiny. Likewise resisting arrest and false arrest charges are expunged and charging officers disciplined.

 

Any officer of the law making more than three arrests not leading to convictions shall receive disciplinary action at the hands of the Judgment Court:

The Valentine Constitution disciplines and removes officers involved in false or unwarranted arrests. Currently many police departments have arrest and fine quotas, and use a large number of arrests to convince the Citizenry that their streets are safe and being properly policed in order to justify their budgets, when in fact they are harassing the Citizenry with a barrage of false or questionable arrests. Judges on screens in our jails release thousands of misdemeanor arrestees daily with the simple plea of “time served,” meaning that the night in jail and the fine(s) paid shall suffice as punishment for the alleged misdemeanor. Very few of the arrestees believe they have done anything wrong and would contest the arrest and the charge(s) given an expedient opportunity such as the one provided by Our Review Court to keep our cops honest and nip corruption and crime in the bud.

 

Section. 4. The first three months of any prison sentence will consist of a military style boot camp without weapons or fighting instruction:

The Valentine Constitution disciplines criminals by babysitting them through three months of boot camp without weapons. Either never properly weaned by their parents, or never taught how to respect others, these selfish, misguided types will learn the respect and get the guidance they so desperately need to function in our difficult world. Boot camp for criminals programs are in use and have proven to reduce recidivism by a statistic shattering 80%! Criminal boot camp is the first ever program to significantly reduce recidivism.

 

fines and incarceration time shall not substitute for each other, and fines shall be realistically payable by a minimum wage worker:

The rich shall be punished in the same way as the working class. No payment of large fines can substitute for jail or prison time. Instead fines will be set at an amount which the average worker can pay, and sentencing will no longer allow the option of fine or imprisonment. The American culture and economy is not one of have and have-nots. Equality is an inalienable right guaranteed by our Declaration of Independence. We cannot have two standards: one for those with money; and another for those without. For if we do allow a two-class society, then we are no longer a democracy. By all means allow great wealth, though annual public company CEO compensation is capped herein at 100 times the annual salary of the lowest paid employee. Limits on power must be made or we will return to the conditions which prompted our Declaration of Independence from them.

 

Section. 5. The Judiciary must provide for ALL ELECTIONS:

This is no small undertaking and would include taking the election apparatus away from the parties and the electoral college and establishing a new system and staff to take sole responsibility for campaign season planning and activities, debates, voter registration, balloting, elections regarding terminations of elected officials, justices, contractors, government employees, also rejected Executive nominees, the election or termination of Supreme Court justices, campaign oversight, fixing gerrymandering, fining those who do not vote, monitoring polling, handicapping, projections and premature election results, the order of succession, vacancy delinquencies, term limits, and oaths of office. All under the branch of government which should be the most impartial.


The Valentine Constitution


PREAMBLE

ARTICLE. I.
The RULES of REPRESENTATION

PART. I.CAMPAIGN FINANCING, LOBBYING and CORRUPTION
PART. II. VOTING
PART. III. ELECTIONS
PART. IV. TERMS of OFFICE
PART. V. VACANCIES and ORDER of SUCCESSION
PART. VI. QUALIFICATION, OATH and IMMUNITY

ARTICLE. II.
Our EXECUTIVE BRANCH

CHAPTER. I.
Our FEDERAL EXECUTIVE

PART. I. Our PRESIDENT and VICE PRESIDENT
PART. II. The POWERS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our PRESIDENT
PART. III. The POWERS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our VICE PRESIDENT

CHAPTER. II.
Our STATE EXECUTIVE

PART. I. Our GOVERNOR and LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR
PART. II. The POWERS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our GOVERNORS
PART. III. The POWERS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS

ARTICLE. III.
Our LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

CHAPTER. I.
Our FEDERAL LEGISLATURES

PART. I. Our BICAMERAL FEDERAL LEGISLATURE
PART. II. Our SENATORS
PART. III. Our REPRESENTATIVES
PART. IV. The POWERS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our FEDERAL LEGISLATURE

CHAPTER. II.
Our STATE LEGISTATURES

PART. I. Our BICAMERAL STATE LEGISLATURES
PART. II. Our LEGISLATORS
PART. III. Our COUNCILORS
PART. IV. The POWERS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our STATE LEGISLATURES

CHAPTER. III.
The PROCEEDINGS of Our LEGISLATURES

PART. I. ASSEMBLY
PART. II. BILLS
PART. III. The VETO

ARTICLE. IV.
The DIVISION of POWERS

PART. I. GOVERNANCE
PART. II. FEDERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
PART. III. STATE RESPONSIBLILITIES
PART. IV. Our DEPARTMENTS

ARTICLE. V.
Our JUDICIAL Branch

PART. I. The JUDICIAL BUDGET and COMPENSATION
PART. II. Our JUSTICES
PART. III. STANDING and JURISDICTION
PART. IV. Our COURTS
PART. V. The PROCEEDINGS of Our JUDICIARY

ARTICLE. VI.
Our US ECONOMY

PART. I. A SINGLE BANK
PART. II. A SINGLE TAX
PART. III. Our BUDGET
PART. IV. JOBS, COMPENSATION, MONOPOLIES and DERIVATIVES
PART. V.A FAIR INTERNET MARKETPLACE
PART. VI.STANDARDS

ARTICLE. VII.
Our RIGHTS and RESPONSIBILITIES

PART. I. The RIGHTS and RESPONSIBILITIES of Our CITIZENS
PART. II. Our PUBLIC SCHOOLS shall be FULFILLING
PART. III. Our WATER and FOOD SUPPLY shall be PROTECTED

ARTICLE. VIII.
Our FOREIGN AFFAIRS

PART. I. Our FOREIGN POLICY
PART. II. Our ARMED FORCES

ARTICLE. IX.
OBLIGATIONS


PLEDGE

With a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence,

we mutually pledge our Lives, our Fortunes,

and our sacred Honor to each other

and to the passage of this Constitution

for Our United States of America.

SIGNATURES

james valentine